Rodrigo Salas

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Andrea Guala, Arturo Evangelista, Domingo Mery, José Rodríguez-Palomares, Julio Sotelo, Lydia Dux-Santoy, Pamela Franco, Rodrigo Salas, Sergio Uribe

Abstract: Recent advances in medical imaging have confirmed the presence of altered hemodynamics in bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) patients. Therefore, there is a need for new hemodynamic biomarkers to refine disease monitoring and improve patient risk stratification. This research aims to analyze and extract multiple correlation patterns of hemodynamic parameters from 4D Flow MRI data and find which parameters allow an accurate classification between healthy volunteers (HV) and BAV patients with dilated and non-dilated ascending aorta using machine learning. Sixteen hemodynamic parameters were calculated in the ascending aorta (AAo) and aortic arch (AArch) at peak systole from 4D Flow MRI. We used sequential forward selection (SFS) and principal component analysis (PCA) as feature selection algorithms. Then, eleven machine-learning classifiers were implemented to separate HV and BAV patients (non- and dilated ascending aorta). Multiple correlation patterns from hemodynamic parameters were extracted using hierarchical clustering. The linear discriminant analysis and random forest are the best performing classifiers, using five hemodynamic parameters selected with SFS (velocity angle, forward velocity, vorticity, and backward velocity in AAo; and helicity density in AArch) a 96.31 ± 1.76% and 96.00 ± 0.83% accuracy, respectively. Hierarchical clustering revealed three groups of correlated features. According to this analysis, we observed that features selected by SFS have a better performance than those selected by PCA because the five selected parameters were distributed according to 3 different clusters. Based on the proposed method, we concluded that the feature selection method found five potentially hemodynamic biomarkers related to this disease.

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